Tools used in processing and creating bamboo products are predominantly the one used for wood. Since there are no specific tools for bamboo therefore these machines are not accurate and create a lot of wastage. The sliver machine used to slice the bamboo is unable to cut bamboo according to the grains direction. Thus the grains are cut in between and therefore it reduces the strength. For this reason artisans prefer to use hand tools to work on bamboo.
Different types of tools used are:
• Kati (Small Knife)
• Andhra Kati (Big Knife)
• Katrika (Scissors)
• Tepupadi/ Pallaga (Sharpening wood)
• Hand planners
• Hex saw machine
• Hand drills
• Large containers for boiling
• Sewing machine
• Frame loom
• Measuring tape
• Sandpaper – 80, 100 and 120
• River stone
• Hand Cutter
• Paint Brushes
• Clear Varnish
• Wax Polish
Various bamboos found in Wayanad are as follows:
Bambusa Vulagaris Green, Bambusa Vulgaris Yellow, Dendrocalamus Giganteus, Thyrsostachys Siamensis, Guadua Angustifolia, Malocanna Baccifera, Bambusa Var. Wamin, Pseudo Oxytenanthera, Ochlandra Travancoria, Dendrocalamus Asper, Ochlandra Scriptoria, Dendrocalamus Longispathus, Dendrocalamus Strictus, Bambusa Balcooa, Bambusa Vulagris var. Wamin, Bambusa Tulda, Bambusa Multiplex, Dendrocalamus Brandisii.
Apart from this various other raw materials are used to make bamboo, furniture, weaving, jewelry etc.
• Nool (Thread):
Cotton or nylon threads are used for weaving. The sizes can vary as per the requirement. Cotton thread is used in the curtains to be used in the interior doors and windows whereas nylon thread is used in the curtains for exterior use, as they are exposed to water and sunlight directly.
• Natural Colors:
Various colors are extracted from natural sources to be used in coloring the bamboo as per the requirement.
• Chemical Colors:
Several colors are used t paint the curtains and other product to enhance the beauty.
• Boric and Borax Powder:
These are used to treat the plant in order to prevent fungal and borers attacks.